Content structure

The national curriculum now makes clear the expectation that our histories are part of the local curriculum | marau ā-kura in every school and kura. 
The Aotearoa New Zealand’s histories content uses the Understand, Know, Do elements and the progressions model.

This structure shows what changes to The New Zealand Curriculum might look like. You can find out more about the wider refresh of The New Zealand Curriculum on the Ministry of Education website.

Understand, Know, Do

There are three elements to the Aotearoa New Zealand’s histories curriculum content: Understand, Know, and Do. These elements are not separate, and they are not in sequence.

Teachers design learning experiences that weave these elements together so that student learning is deep and meaningful.


Understand, Know, Do Framework

Progressions model

We have redefined the current curriculum levels as phases of learning in a progressions model, and progress outcomes have replaced Achievement Objectives in the Aotearoa New Zealand’s histories content.
This progressions model gives clarity about the direction of learning and the key outcomes that matter across the phases, enabling teachers and kaiako, ākonga, and whānau to know what is important and how learning develops. It ‘chunks’ the learning so that the progress described in The New Zealand Curriculum is easily seen. 
The model covers five phases of learning throughout schooling: years 1–3, years 4–6, years 7–8, years 9–10, and years 11–13. The content for Aotearoa New Zealand’s histories covers the first four phases of learning – until year 10.
The Understand, Know, and Do elements come together as progress outcomes for each phase of learning. The progress outcomes describe the depth and breadth of knowledge and understanding required for ākonga, and the sophistication of their use of practices. 
There are resources available to support each phase of learning in the teaching resources section.